Category Archives: Mammals

2018 Mammals Methods

Mammals Team Methods 2018

Wilson.BA, JoJo Azzara, Quintin J Lepold; (with prior help from: MeeMee Filan & Charu)

________________________________________________

Introduction

The Mammals Team is a part of the Forman Rainforest Project, a program composed of high school students that has been conducting cutting-edge biological field research at two basecamps, El Plastico and Rara Avis, both located on the Caribbean side of pre-montane Costa Rican rainforest, since 1992. The research conducted by the Mammal Team focuses mainly on species of mammals in the Costa Rican rainforest living in decreasing habitats due to global warming and other environmental and human factors. The Mammal Team has returned annually to the same locations to study the same species and to observe long term patterns and changes in population, especially in relation to speciation. Speciation is the decrease of genetic diversity due to isolation of populations from shrinking habitats, and it is one of the biggest threats on the species the team is studying.

________________________________________________

Most recently, in 2017, the Mammals Team has been asked by Panthera’s Jaguar Initiative to create a census of the jaguar population and activity — which has been threatened to near extinction by speciation — in Costa Rica, where the Mammal’s Team will be conducting research. The objective of this is to figure out where the jaguars are migrating to and from accurately, giving the Jaguar Initiative the data they need to more confidently propose a corridor stretching through Argentina to Mexico. This corridor would allow the Jaguars to migrate through the fragmented habitat they have left, as well as give the jaguar population the ability to reconnect with other jaguar populations who have developed different genes, helping reduce genetic defects and vulnerabilities caused by inbreeding of the isolated groups.

The goal of the Mammals team is to be a part in the protection of the various mammal species in the Costa Rican rainforest and on a much larger scale from the effects of global warming and other factors that threaten their species. Our research plays a part in making a change for the better in the lives of these incredible creatures in a fascinating part of our world.

Hard Traps

Used to track and trap the mammals of the rainforest, the method varies within the different branches of the animal with different types of equipment. Hard Traps: Havahart 2-Door Small Animal Cage Trap is for catching rats, weasels, chipmunks, flying squirrels and similar-size animals. It is constructed of high-tensile wire with steel reinforcement and has smoothed inside edges for protection of the animal.

How to Use Hard Traps

The most important step in the live animal trapping process is baiting the trap. Baiting any live animal trap serves two purposes: luring the animal into the trap, and encouraging it to engage the trigger. Positioning the bait towards the center of the trap, luring the animal directly to the trigger plate. Either place the bait directly onto the plate, hang it from the top of the trap directly above the plate, or place it in a hole in the ground directly underneath the plate. With door locks in the open position, check that the doors can be opened by gently pushing down on trigger rods. Notice that trigger rod with offset loop is above straight trigger rod, so pushing down loop rod opens both doors. Using live traps, where the animal is just captured, and not killed or hurt. The traps consist of an enclosure where the doors are held open by a trigger mechanism that is connected to a treadle on the floor of the trap. When an animal enters the trap, it steps on the treadle and the doors instantly close, trapping the animals inside. Mammals can be lured into these traps by baiting them, or the traps can be set along natural walkways. The traps can either have a door on one or both sides for the animal to enter.

Setting the Hard Traps

Traps should be set to take advantages of the nonrandom fashion in which mammals use the environment.

  1. Turn the door locks to the open position.
  2. Push down on the straight trigger rod to open door.
  3. While holding door open, place bait on the bait pan. See back for bait suggestions. When finished, close door.
  4. Push down on the offset loop on the looped trigger rod to open both doors
  5. Position the flat end of the looped trigger

rod under the flat end of the bait pan trigger,

so that both doors are held open and the bait pan is level.

  1. Turn door lock knobs so that both door locks rest on doors

Advanced Telemetry Systems Collars, Antennas, and Receiver:

Advanced Telemetry Systems (ATS) are used to track small mammals of the Costa Rican rainforest. The information gathered is used to develop more complete understandings of the habits and habitats of the species in question. It is composed of two antennas, two receivers, two cables, and the transmitter collars.

To attach Transmitter collars to animals:

  • Thread zip-tie through tubing, to protect animal, then thread wire of transmitter through tubing and have it exit the tubing halfway through a slit, and glue transmitter to zip-tie and tubing on one end.
  • Use zip-tie to attach collar around animal’s neck or leg

To set up antenna:

  • Remove antenna from bag, and stretch out bars of antenna, with top first. Once each side of each bar is touching in the middle, tighten the nuts to secure them in place.
  • Attach one end of the cable to the port on the antenna
  • Attach the other other end to the receiver.

To operate receiver:

  • Plug cable into ANT port on receiver.
  • Set channel knob to number corresponding with key on side of receiver. It needs to match with the number on the transmitter.
  • Set FINE TUNE to 1.
  • Turn both switches on.
  • Adjust FINE TUNE slowly, until appropriate sound is reached. (Make sure volume is set to an audible level.)

To track transmitters:

  • Point antenna in cardinal directions and follow the sound of the receiver as it increases in frequency and volume.

Camera Traps

Camera traps are used to collect videos and pictures of animals we wouldn’t normally see. This is done to confirm the existence of species in the ecosystem. They can also be used to find the number of individual animals in a area.

  1. Trophy Cam, see that the Trophy Cam has eight battery slots. Inserting the SD Card The Trophy Cams have 32MB internal memory, hold only about 20 photos (@ 5MP resolution).
  2. The OFF, ON, and SETUP MODES The Trophy Cam has three basic operational modes: • OFF mode: Power switch in the OFF position. • ON mode: Power switch in the ON position (LCD screen is off.) • SETUP mode: Power switch at SET UP position (LCD screen is on).
  3. OFF Mode The OFF mode is the “safe” mode when any actions must be taken, e.g., replacing the SD card or batteries, or transporting the device. Use OFF mode if connect the camera to a computer’s USB port later. Be sure the camera’s power is switched OFF before inserting or removing SD cards or batteries. 10 to download photos/videos. And of course, when storing or not using the camera, switch to OFF.
  4.   ON Mode Anytime after the batteries and SD card have been inserted, switch on the camera. When the power switch is moved to the top position, the camera will enter into the ON (Live) mode. The motion indicator LED will blink red for about 10 seconds. This interval allows time to close the Trophy Cam’s front cover, lock it, and leave the monitored area. Once in the ON mode, no manual controls are needed or possible. The Trophy Cam will take photos or videos automatically when triggered by the “PIR sensors” detection of activity in the area it covers
  5. SETUP Mode in the SETUP mode, check and change the settings with the help of its built-in LCD. In the SETUP Menu, the photo or video resolution, interval between photos, switch the time imprint on, etc.
  6. SETUP Mode Shortcut Keys/Functions four of the keys below the LCD have secondary, “shortcut” functions when the camera is switched to SETUP mode • Press the UP key to quickly set the camera to shoot video clips. • Press the DOWN key to quickly set the camera to take still photos. • RIGHT key to manually trigger the shutter. This is useful for testing the camera-make sure in SETUP mode, press the RIGHT key, and a few seconds later a photo or video will be saved to the SD card.
  7. Setting the camera trap.
  8. When setting trap in the field slide strap through the back of the carma trap then wrap strap around tree or stick and buckle the strap making sure the strap is tight so it it won’t move. Make sure camera is facing desired direction.
  9. Find the GPS location of where camera trap is being sent and write it down as well as which camera trap it is at that location.

Plaster of Paris:

Plaster of Paris is used to preserve the prints and tracks left by animals in the rainforest; by using plaster, one can abide by international law by not taking any mud or animal parts and successfully export the plaster of the prints back into another country.

Plaster of Paris recipe

Preparation

  • Put one part of water into a mixing container or ziplock bag.
  • Slowly, add the powder into the water by sifting it.
  • Stir the mixture slowly with a stirring device, or shake it up gently if it is in a ziplock bag; be careful to make sure there are no air bubbles.

Applying the plaster to print

  • Carefully, pour the mixture into the print.
  • Wait for the liquid plaster to settle into the print (This may take a minute or two).
  • Carefully, dig the earth around the plastered print to remove it. (Be gentle as the print may be brittle!)
Materials

    • One part water
    • Two part Plaster of Paris
    • Container or Ziplock bag
  • Optional Stirring Device

 

Advertisements

Mammal Team 2016-2017 Report

Research on Population Inventory of Mammals in Sarapiqui

By: Mee Mee Filan and Charuprabha Gaur

Abstract:

The Forman Rainforest project has been around for 24 years, and since last year, has brought back the mammals team. Learning hands on in the heart of Costa Rica’s Rainforest about the mammals interaction with their diverse environment. This year, the main focus was on collecting information on mammals and their population of the animals that specifically lived in areas near the two base camps. The main purpose was to track and locate mammals on the CITES, IUCN, and Red lists. CITES was used as a base of information of the mammals of Costa Rica. CITES is The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora between governments as an international agreement.

Introduction:

The adaptation of survival of the rainforests exotic species is mainly due to the environmental forces. The main focus of the team this year is to focus on the mammals that live in the decreasing habitat due to global warming, which is pushing species further north due to temperature changes. Going back to the same location year after year to study the same species, forming patterns of speciation within species. When a species environment changes revolved around it, so the species changes the reproduction of organisms which then gets passed on to next generations, leading to speciation. Comparing the species that have been collected in the same locations would make comparing and finding any mutations or adaptations of species to the area. Coevolution of selective pressure will be strongest when there is a close ecological relationship of evolving in response to the other selective environment that is constantly changing.

The aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens all around the world of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.The CITES lists to find what level of danger the species found were in. The Appendix I list has about 1,200 species that are the most endangered among the CITES-listed animals and plants, making them most threatened with extinction. CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of Appendix species except when the purpose of importation is not for commercial use. The Appendix II list is over 21,000 species of those that are not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled and monitored for protection.

Cooperation of other countries to prevent unsustainable or illegal exploitation is needed to avoid in cooperation with the species survival. The Appendix III list includes around 170 species which individual countries have asked for assistance and protection for conservation of their plants and animals. Trade in the species is only allowed when a permit in the country of which the species are in is made with the government.

Methods:

  • Hardtraps

Used to track and trap the mammals of the rainforest, the method varies within the different branches of the animal with different types of equipment. Hard Traps: Havahart 2-Door Small Animal Cage Trap is for catching rats, weasels, chipmunks, flying squirrels and similar-size animals. It is constructed of high-tensile wire with steel reinforcement and has smoothed inside edges for protection of the animal.

  • How to Use Hard traps

Examine the cage carefully. One of the most important steps in the live animal trapping process is baiting the trap. Baiting any live animal trap serves two purposes: luring the animal into the trap, and encouraging it to engage the trigger. Positioning the bait towards the center of the trap, luring the animal directly to the trigger plate. Either place the bait directly onto the plate, hang it from the top of the trap directly above the plate, or place it in a hole in the ground directly underneath the plate. With door locks in the open position, check that the doors can be opened by gently pushing down on trigger rods. Notice that trigger rod with offset loop is above straight trigger rod, so pushing down loop rod opens both doors.

Using live traps, where the animal is just captured, and not killed or hurt. The traps consist of an enclosure where the doors are held open by a trigger mechanism that is connected to a treadle on the floor of the trap. When an animal enters the trap, it steps on the treadl;e and the doors instantly close, trapping the animals inside. Mammals can be lured into these traps by baiting them, or the traps can be set along natural walkways. The traps can either have a door on one or both sides for the animal to enter.

  • Setting the Hard Traps

Traps should be set to take advantages of the nonrandom fashion in which mammals use the environment.

  1. Turn the door locks to the open position.
  2. Push down on the straight trigger rod to open door.
  3. While holding door open, place bait on the bait pan. See back for bait suggestions. When finished, close door.
  4. Push down on the offset loop on the looped trigger rod to open both doors
  5. Position the flat end of the looped trigger rod under the flat end of the bait pan trigger, so that both doors are held open and the bait pan is level.
  6. Turn door lock knobs so that both door locks rest on doors
  • Bat Nets

The Triple High Mist Net System- The portable Forest Filter mist net system consists of poles and an associated hoist system capable of creating a huge mist net 24’ (7.3m) tall. To remove a bat or bird from any net, a pulley system quickly and carefully collapses the net stack until the animal can be reached. The nets can be set up, raised, lowered, and packed up by a single person. Each tier of every net can be individually adjusted and tensioned in seconds for any bag-overlap desired, and to prevent sag.

Bats struggle in nets and become severely entangled, it is best to check the nets at least once per hour. When a bat is found in a net, decide which side of the net the bat hit and should work from that side. Pull the large pieces of the net away from the bat to expose the belly with no fibers on it. Begin untangling the feet. At the wings, do one at a time, by moving the strings away from the forearms. Once the wings are past the forearms, they should easily slide off the rest of the wing. Always release an animal at the exact same spot captured. Do not run the mist nets in rain as captured bats can die from hypothermia. Begin to close nets as soon as it starts to rain.

  • Bushnell Trophy Camera:

These cameras were set up in trails around the base camps to places that the big mammals cannot be trapped so these cameras were handy to keep a track on the population inventory around Costa Rica. The 8 cameras were set up in different locations around both of the basecamps. The best locations were at intersections of trails and openings of trails. Each camera was put on a different trail at the beginning of getting to both base camps.

The Bushnell Trophy Cam HD Essential is a digital scouting camera. It can be triggered by any movement of game in a location, detected by a highly sensitive passive Infrared (PIR) motion sensor, and then take high quality pictures (up to 12MP still photos) or video clips. Once motion in the monitored area is detected, the digital camera unit will be triggered at once (typically less than 0.3 second) and then automatically takes photos and videos according to the previously programmed settings.

Mount the Trophy Cam HD Essential on a sturdy tree about 16-17ft (5 meters) away from the ideal monitored location. Will not get the best results at night when the subject is within the ideal flash range, no further than 3-24 meters.

How to Use Camera:

1) Trophy Cam, see that the Trophy Cam has eight battery slots. Inserting the SD Card The Trophy Cams have 32MB internal memory, hold only about 20 photos (@ 5MP resolution).

2) The OFF, ON, and SETUP MODES The Trophy Cam has three basic operational modes: • OFF mode: Power switch in the OFF position. • ON mode: Power switch in the ON position (LCD screen is off.) • SETUP mode: Power switch at SET UP position (LCD screen is on).

3) OFF Mode The OFF mode is the “safe” mode when any actions must be taken, e.g., replacing the SD card or batteries, or transporting the device. Use OFF mode if connect the camera to a computer’s USB port later. Be sure the camera’s power is switched OFF before inserting or removing SD cards or batteries. 10 to download photos/videos. And of course, when storing or not using the camera, switch to OFF.

4) ON Mode Anytime after the batteries and SD card have been inserted, switch on the camera. When the power switch is moved to the top position, the camera will enter into the ON (Live) mode. The motion indicator LED will blink red for about 10 seconds. This interval allows time to close the Trophy Cam’s front cover, lock it, and leave the monitored area. Once in the ON mode, no manual controls are needed or possible. The Trophy Cam will take photos or videos automatically when triggered by the PIR sensor’s detection of activity in the area it covers

5) SETUP Mode In the SETUP mode, check and change the settings with the help of its built-in LCD. In the SETUP Menu, let the photo or video resolution, interval between photos, switch the time imprint on, etc.

6) SETUP Mode Shortcut Keys/Functions four of the keys below the LCD have secondary, “shortcut” functions when the camera is switched to SETUP mode • Press the UP key to quickly set the camera to shoot video clips. • Press the DOWN key to quickly set the camera to take still photos. • RIGHT key to manually trigger the shutter. This is useful for testing the camera-make sure in SETUP mode, press the RIGHT key, and a few seconds later a photo or video will be saved to the SD card.

  • Plaster of Paris:

The ratio should be 2 parts powder to 1 part water. If measured out 1 cup of water in Step 1, then need 2 cups Plaster of Paris Powder. Start adding the Plaster of Paris powder to the water in a mixing container by sprinkling or sifting the powder over the water. Don’t want to get air bubbles into the plaster mix. They take away some of the detail of the track. Don’t whip the mix. Just stir it gently until it is evenly mixed and has no lumps.

The plaster should be mixed in a plastic bag with water quickly before it hardens in the bag. Close the seal and shake. Move leaves and sticks, not any that are within the print. Pour the plaster into the print and cover with the plastic bag, might need to rip open the bag if the print is larger.

Results:

  • Traps
When Where
Dusky rice rat (Melanomys caliginosus) 5 March 2017, at 5:30 am male found in the kitchen (tail 195mm, body spread out 104mm, ears 5mm, foot 30mm, legs 29mm, width 35mm) Base camp one, El plastico
Grey four eyed opossum (Philander opossum) 5 March 2017, at 10:49 pm male in kitchen 650 grams (7 cm head, 24cm head body, 4.5 cm hind foot, 26 cm tail,)

6 March 2017, at 8:20 pm a mother

7 March 2017 8:30 pm baby months old? (hind foot 35mm, tail 135mm, head body 150mm, weight 20 grams)

9 March 2017 baby weeks old? (hind foot 21mm, tail 131mm, ear 15mm, head body 122mm, head 49mm)

Base camp two, Rara Avis
Vesper rat (Nyctomys sumichrasti) 9 March 2017, at 7:54am (length 65mm, no tail, 40mm height, 40mm width, 90g weight) Base camp two, Rara Avis

 

  • Bat Mist Nets
When Where
Common Long tongued bat (Glossophaga soricina) 1 March 2017, at 7:15 pm In mist nets at El plastico
Chestnut long tongued bat (Lionycteris spurrelli) 1 March, at 7:15 pm In mist nets at El plastico
Seba’s short tailed bat (Corollia perspicillata) 3 March 2017, at 6:30 pm and another at 9:30 pm In mist nets at El plastico
Common Mustached bat (Pteronotus parnellii) 3 March 2017, at 9:30 pm In mist nets at El plastico
Orange nectar bat (Lonchophylla robusta) 7 March 2017, at 8:00 pm In mist nets at Rara Avis

 

  • Cameras
When Where
Brown throated three toed sloth (Bradypus variegatus) 1 March 2017, between 9:34 am to 10:54 am Frog Heaven-Horquetas de Sarapiqui. Puerto Viejo Sarapiqui, Costa Rica
Hoffmann’s two-toed sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni) 1 March 2017, between 9:34 am to 10:54 am Frog Heaven-Horquetas de Sarapiqui. Puerto Viejo Sarapiqui, Costa Rica
Forest spiny pocket mouse (Heteromys desmarestianus) 4 March 2017, at 5:09 am and 4:4 am and 4:26 am Seen on camera 7 picture 54
Central america spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi (panamensis) 8 March 2017, at 2 pm Seen when returning from hike with Twan to the waterfall
Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) 7 and 8 March 2017, at 1:30 am   Seen on camera 2 pictures and videos
Rice rats (undefinable) 5 March 2017, at 12:57 am and 2:07 am Seen on cameras
Paca (Agouti paca) 4 March 2017, at 1:14 am Seen on camera 7 picture 5 from Levi trail
Red tailed squirrel (Sciurus granatensis) 4 March 2017, at 10:30 am Seen on camera 2 on video 16

Seen on camera 7 photo 45

 

  • Plaster Prints
When Where
Jaguar (Panthera onca) Back to El plastico hike from Rara Avis
Puma (Puma concolor) Fresh footprint seen 11:19 am, 2.3 inches length and 2.4 inches width Back to El plastico hike from Rara Avis
Tapir (Baird’s tapir) Left El Plastico base camp at 2:40 to set up plaster prints, came back with 6 the next day El Plastico hike in the hills on Prisoners trail
Anteater (undefinable) Left El Plastico base camp at 2:40 to set up plaster prints, came back with 6 the next day El Plastico hike in the hills on Prisoners trail

 

Mammals Team: Methods and Equipment List

Please click here for the Methods and Equipment List.

Hello from the Mammal Team

The Forman School 2016-2017 Mammal Team Rainforest project is to gain awareness in Central America, especially in the Costa Rican rainforest. The team of Mee Mee Filan ‘17 and Charuprabha Gaur ‘17 will collect field data of endangered species to understand the relationship the rainforest has with its animals. The Costa Rica rainforest creates the perfect environment for all types of species, starts the repeating path and cycle of life.

The adaptation of survival of the rainforests exotic species is mainly due to the environmental forces. The main focus of the team this year is to focus on the mammals that live in the decreasing habitat due to global warming, which is pushing species further north due to temperature changes. Going back to the same location year after year to study the same species, forming patterns of speciation within species. When a species environment changes they revolve around it, so the species changes the reproduction of organisms which then gets passed on to next generations, leading to speciation. Comparing the species that have been collected in the same locations would make comparing and finding any mutations or adaptations of species to the area. Coevolution of selective pressure will be strongest when there is a close ecological relationship of evolving in response to the other selective environment that is constantly changing.

Research population inventory to see what’s in a specific area. Track ideally the Baird’s Tapir, Common Grey Four Eyed Opossum, Watson Tree Rat, Vesper Rat, Dusky Rice Rats, Coatimundi, and the Vested Anteater that were also trapped by the mammals team last year. To track and trap the mammals of the rainforest, all method varies within the different branches of the animal with different types of equipment.

Researching tracks helps identify what types of species live in a certain area. Finding how much movement a certain species does each day makes patterns of their movements and reaction to the changing environments. Knowing where each animal travels in the rainforest can show the mass patterns of mammals in the rainforest. If you’re interested in the work we are doing, follow us along while we get prepared for our January journey into the Costa Rican Rainforest!

Mammals Team: 17 days!

We only have 17 days until we leave for Costa Rica, so we’ve been reading some tips from past Mammal teams on what it’s like down there. We have gathered the following helpful hints!

  • Build a sturdy observation cage
  • The best bait is soap, chocolate, sunflower seeds, and meat
  • Bring enough anesthesia
  • Bring correct size synergies
  • Wake up early enough to net bats in the morning
  • Put a net checking bag together with tape measure, scissors, Fiona Reed Book, frisk mater, and dissecting kit
  • Take lots of pictures!
  • Have fun 🙂

Mammals Team Questions

Hey guys! We are very excited as we prepare to head into the rainforest! The deeper into our research we go, the more questions we have. Some of our questions are:

  1. How are we going to get the accelerometer back after we put it on the animal?

  2. What animals will we come in contact with?

  3. How do we operate an infrared laser camera?

  4. What is the function of a tracking pad?

  5. How will an accelerometer help us with our research?

  6. Which method is going to be most efficient to track the mammals?

  7. Will we see more mammals at night or during the day?

  8. What do the mammals mostly eat?

We hope we will track down a lot of animals there, and be able to use all of the tracking methods. There are 46 days until we go! We will keep you updated as we continue our preparation for our trip. If you have any questions, please leave a comment!

-Caroline and Maureen

2016 Mammals Team

We were very excited when we discovered that the Rainforest Team is adding mammal research to our project this year. We knew that our School had not done mammal research in a while and we were thrilled to get it started again. After in-depth research, we found out that no one has ever tracked the mammals we are looking for in Costa Rica. Caroline Herdje ’16 and Maureen Harris ’16 wanted to be a part of the Mammals Team because we love animals and wanted to learn more about them, especially the ones in Costa Rica, where we will be going in early March. There are so many mammals in the rainforest and we want to find out more about them and their habitats. While in Costa Rica, the Mammals Team will also be doing a population inventory. This is seeing what there is in a specific area.

We hope to track the Baird’s tapir, common grey four-eyed opossum, watson tree rat, vesper rat, dusky rice rats, coatimundi, and the vested anteater. Every tracking method varies on the species of the animal. There are a variety of ways to track animals on the ground. One of the methods we will use is an infrared laser camera. These cameras use laser technology that capture detailed images and can send the data from miles away. The cameras are mounted on branches deep in forest. We will check their data twice a day for two weeks. Another method we will be using is the tracking pad. After the animal is caught, we would attach a device to its collar, and will be able to see the animal’s movements. We are trying to figure out a way for the collar to fall off naturally because it would be hard to catch the same animal again. Another method we will be using is telemetry, which is an automated communication process in which it tells the measurement of data from far away sources by wire, radio, or special equipment for monitoring. Furthermore, we also use traps as a method of tracking. These traps help us catch animals close to their natural habitat. The traps are also very useful for taking measurements and making scientific observations. Furthermore, using an accelerometer will be beneficial when we are in Costa Rica. An accelerometer is an instrument for measuring acceleration using the vibration of a machine, building, or other structure. Additionally, we plan to use collars and home range usage for tracking the accelerometer. The last method we will use for on-ground trapping is a mist nest for bats. The net is set up in such a way that when the bats move to try and escape from the net, the net moves in a different way and entangles the bat.

Eighty percent of all species live in Central America. We hope to find out as much information as we can regarding the mammals in the rainforest and are hopeful that our equipment and ways to trap them will work. We are setting up six different cameras to take pictures during the day and night so we don’t miss anything. Doing our research will help us identify what type of species live in a certain animal and how much movement they do each day and where they go. Below are the pictures of the animals we want to catch.

Baird’s tapir

Bairds tapir

Common grey four-eyed opossum

Four-eyed opossum

Watson tree rat

tree rat

Vesper rat

vesper rat

Dusky rice rat

rice rat

The vested anteater

anteater

Coatimundi

coatimundi